When we think of sports nutrition, we are often greeted by thoughts of the nutritional requirements for athletes and sports men and women. But is the nutrition that is required for a sports player that far amiss from that required for the normal individual? I would say yes, and no. I think it depends on how you look at nutrition. Sports nutrition usually focuses on the amount and quantities of certain macro nutrients to enable an individual to perform at their best, on and off the sports field. Straight off the bat someone that plays sport will need lots more food to provide for the sheer level of activity, and an increase in certain food sources at certain times.
Playing sport demands that an individual must perform at their peak 100% of the time. This is where the elements of sports nutrition play its role, in providing nutrition to the working muscles at those crucial times, before, during and after competition. Without the above taken into account we are likely limiting the level of performance an individual can achieve in their sport by not providing the right nutrition at the right time. That said, sheer calorie volume plays a pivotal role. puur cbd gummies
The body has a certain amount of calories a day it needs to perform at its best, that’s even before you can think about nutrition for sport. Let’s say you need 2000 calories a day just to get by in your daily living, yet you are training for football six times a week and are burning around 500 calories a time. This means you are only giving your body 1500 calories over the course of a day, which is not enough. Sports nutrition would quickly rectify this simply by adding an extra meal into your daily regime. The amount of calories you consume a day is a basic requirement, without this we cannot get technical with sport nutrition strategies as the real basics are not in place first. In this case we need to simply eat more.
With the above being said, and calories being in check, sport nutrition would then look to conveniently time the intake of carbohydrate, protein and fat into the daily diet to optimise their effects. In sports nutrition we look to optimise the use of carbohydrates and protein use in and around exercise, whereas at other times we look to utilise fat to optimise the hormonal environment. Hormones are often overlooked in the realm of sports nutrition as we tend to focus on muscles and energy production, but the hormones are the master regulators of the body.
The anabolic and catabolic process is a well understood concept in sports nutrition, which is often talked about post exercise, but what about the rest of the time with manipulating hormones like testosterone and cortisol? These two hormones are some of the major influences as to how a person will respond to a training session, without an optimised environment the person may come away being worse off and having too much to recover from. Fats such as saturated fat go a long way in hormone manipulation, so never think that sports nutrition is all about protein and carbohydrates, it is just as much about fat as well, but the right fat.
Ben Coomber consults with MMA, rowing, rugby and physique athletes at various levels. puur cbd gummies He consults for UK tennis, and owns and runs Body Type Nutrition. He is an Internationally Certified Sports Nutritionist and trainer.
Advancements in medicine and an increase in capitalism in the world as well as other factors all contributed to the development of the field of sports nutrition.
As scientists learned more and more about our bodies and the optimum level of strength and physical fitness they can harbor, businessmen jumped the gun and manufactured products and services that actually help athletes meet these optimum levels. The media joined in the ruckus and published materials leading to the promotion of both the scientific and the commercial side of the field.
Sports nutrition has been changing through the years around the world. It’s not just that the topics are different – the emphasis and approach have also changed.
Peak Performance, a sports magazine carried an article on dehydration in runners on October 1990, its maiden issue. This article compared the benefits of plain water with those of dilute glucose solutions, which are more isotonic and therefore absorbed more rapidly.
Today, go into almost any supermarket, convenience stores and even school cafeterias and you’ll find a ready supply of sports drinks aimed at maintaining hydration just like glucose solutions.
The difference is that by using soluble long-chain glucose polymers instead of simple glucose, it’s now possible to create an isotonic drink that hydrates and also supplies significant amounts of carbohydrate to working muscles. And, the good thing is, sports drinks also taste better.
More than 10 years ago, it was made public that muscle damage brought about by free-radicals may be reduced by having supplements of antioxidant vitamins A; C and E. Years after, antioxidant supplementation became a norm in the world of sports nutrition.
Now, researchers are also beginning to understand that muscle damage is a more complex subject. It is difficult to assess free radical damage in athletes and it has been found out those large amounts of antioxidant nutrients may actually cause cellular damage and impair performance.
The carb loading technique has been widely used over the years by athletes all over the world. A carbohydrate-rich diet is important in maintaining muscle glycogen stores thus ensuring high endurance levels.
However, in the 1990’s it became clear that the glycemic index and release rate of different carbohydrates had important influence on when they should best be consumed in relation to physical activity.
The relationship of carbohydrates and proteins were also discovered namely that carbohydrates promote protein-sparing in the body. It was also discovered recently that consuming carbohydrates before and during prolonged bouts of strenuous exercise can help protect the immune system.
One of the most exciting recent developments in sports nutrition has been the rise of creatine supplementation. The use of creatine is now very common. Creatine renews the muscles essential energy source, ATP or adenosine triphosphate. Increased levels in muscles optimizes energy turnover meaning you’ll more energy for high power exercise and faster recovery during and after workouts. Creatine also increases the athlete’s maximum effort, delays fatigue and therefore prolongs endurance.
New wisdom and therefore new products have definitely enabled athletes to fuel themselves better, work harder, train longer and recover more rapidly. However, as in any kind of innovation there will always be downsides.
Nutritional supplements available to most athletes in the 80’s were very straightforward. Some athletes took drugs but the boundaries between nutritional supplements and drugs clear. Today, the race to find new formulas to boost performance has resulted to the availability of sports nutrition supplements which do not really occur naturally. The result is that the distinction between a nutrient and a performance-enhancing substance has become increasingly blurred.
Some of these supplements contain ingredients that can cause athletes to violate the rules and regulations governing their sport because of unintentional contamination by other, ‘exotic’, substances present in the supplement manufacturing environment. Buy Here
More developments will be created in the world of sports nutrition and these will definitely spawn ethical questions. “Nutrigenomics”-the relationship between genetics and nutrition-will be more researched upon.
As scientists become more skilled at discovering the processes of our genes, it will be possible that rather than adopting a general approach for sports nutrition, athletes around the world will be genetically tested to help them determine precise individual requirements for optimum health.
The next years will predictably be more exciting for the world of sports nutrition.
Michael Reece is an author that specializes in sports nutrition. You can check out his latest website at Sports Nutrition Secrets Revealed [http://www.sportsnutritionsecretsrevealed.com], where he provides articles related to sports nutrition. Michael has researched sports nutrition techniques all over the world and loves to share his knowledge of Global Sports Nutrition